2 edition of Effects of air quality regulation on decisions of firms in polluting industries found in the catalog.
Effects of air quality regulation on decisions of firms in polluting industries
Randy A. Becker
|Other titles||Air quality regulation, Effects of air quality regulation on in polluting industries, Effects of air quality regulation on in polluting industries|
|Statement||Randy Becker, Vernon Henderson.|
|Series||NBER working paper series -- working paper no. 6160, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 6160.|
|Contributions||Henderson, J. Vernon., National Bureau of Economic Research.|
|LC Classifications||HB1 .W654 no. 6160|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||42,  p. :|
|Number of Pages||42|
Air Pollution Rising issue of air pollution has increasingly been becoming a serious concern, particularly in metro cities. A large number of cities and towns do not meet the standards for pollutants specifically for particulate matter. In a few cities including Delhi, the ambient particulate matter concentrations are much above the standards i.e. three to four times or even higher. The first essay examines the interactive effects of air quality regulation and agglomeration economies on polluting firms' location decisions in the United States. Newly available annual () county-level manufacturing plant location data for the United States on seven pollution intensive manufacturing industries are applied in the analysis.
Agriculture is known more for water pollution than for air pollution. The EPA, however, considers crop and livestock dust air pollutants, and agriculture produces more than 90 percent of ammonia pollution, which has multiple adverse health effects, from nose and throat irritation to chronic lung disease. The methane that farm animals produce as part of their digestive processes makes up . Once estimates are corrected for the confounding effects of price increases and output declines in the manufacturing sector over – and for selection based on plant survival, the measured effect of air quality regulations is a % decline in total factor productivity for polluting .
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring ion is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. Upon economic booming and rapid urbanization, China has been suffering from severe air pollution problem. While the Chinese government strives to reduce emissions through numerous laws, standards and policy measures, rapid economic and social changes challenge policy design and implementation. Over time, control policies have been largely ineffective and air quality in the .
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A key regulatory tool since is the annual designation of county air quality attainment status. Nonattainment status triggers specific equipment requirements, with the severity and enforcement of regulations rising with plant size. The differential in regulation favors attainment areas, reducing births for polluting industries in nonattainment areas by 26–45 by: This paper investigates the effects of air quality regulation on ﬁrm decisions concerning plant locations, births, sizes, and investment patterns in major polluting industries.
The intent of the Clean Air Act (CAA) and its amendments from on is to have plants limit airborne emissions through investment in ‘‘greener’’ equipment. This paper examines unintended effects of air quality regulation on decisions of major polluters, using plant data for to A key regulatory tool since is the annual designation of county air quality attainment status, where non-attainment status triggers specific equipment requirements for" new and existing by: Get this from a library.
Effects of air quality regulation on decisions of firms in polluting industries. [Randy A Becker; J Vernon Henderson; National Bureau of Economic Research.].
Brown University. This paper examines unintended effects of air quality regulation, using plant data for A key regulatory tool since is the annual designation of county air quality attainment status. Nonattainment status triggers specific equipment requirements, with the severity and enforcement of regulations rising with plant size.
The differential in regulation favors attainment areas, reduc- ing births for polluting industries. This paper investigates the effects of air quality regulation in the USA on firm decisions concerning plant locations, births, sizes, and investment patterns, in major polluting industries.
On the one hand, regulations increase the cost of production and lower productivity of polluting rms (Greenstone et al., ;Shapiro and Walker, ). This could hurt local economic activities. Becker and Henderson: w Effects of Air Quality Regulation on in Polluting Industries: Becker and Henderson: Costs of Air Quality Regulation: Buiter and Kletzer: w Capital Mobility, Fiscal Policy and Growth under Self-Financing of Human Capital Formation: Greenstone: w The Impacts of Environmental Regulations on Industrial Activity: Evidence from the & Clean Air Act.
This research examines the effects of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) on the location decisions of pollution-intensive manufacturing plants. We develop a panel data set to analyze plant births of polluting manufacturers over time as a function county-level attainment status of the federal standard for ozone pollution.
We find that more stringent county-level environmental regulations. The idea behind incentive-based regulation was to make polluting an expensive activity and lower the costs of pollution control by letting the pollution abatement decisions to firms and not to the regulator.
The following section briefly discusses the major regulatory schemes based on incentives, namely the pollution tax and the marketable. 2 Berman and Bui () describe the entire menu of local air quality regulations facing manufacturing firms around Los Angeles, finding 11 local air quality regulations for petroleum refining and 46 for manufacturing Figure 2.
Plant-Level Pollution Intensity vs. Total Factor Productivity. A key regulatory tool since is the annual designation of county air quality attainment status. Nonattainment status triggers specific equipment requirements, with the severity and enforcement of regulations rising with plant size.
The differential in regulation favors attainment areas, reducing births for polluting industries in nonattainment areas by percent.
"Costs of Air Quality Regulation," Working PapersCenter for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau. Wayne B. Gray, " Environmental regulations and business decisions," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pagesSeptember.
Effects of Air Quality Regulation on in Polluting Industries. Randy Becker and J. Vernon Henderson (). NoNBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Abstract: This paper examines unintended effects of air quality regulation on decisions of major polluters, using plant data for to A key regulatory tool since is the annual designation of county air.
This paper examines the effect of water pollution regulation on polluters' exporting decisions and exporting structure. Using a detailed firm-by-product level dataset, we employ a difference-in-differenceds model to identify the causal relationship between environmental regulation and firms' exporting performance.
Environmental regulations raise production costs and lower productivity by requiring firms to install pollution control equipment and change production processes. Regulatory costs can influence firms’ decisions about locating new plants and shifting production among existing plants.
As polluting industries, such as steel and cement, The research also develops a methodology to quantify the total regulatory burden that air quality regulation imposes on U.S.
manufacturing firms. The framework summarises the full set of environmental regulations that firms face as a per-ton tax on pollution emissions. In reality, U.S. Economic Effects of Air Pollution Park visitation is largely dependent on protection of natural and scenic resources that draw visitors to national parks in the first place.
Economics gives us a way to compare the possible benefits of a policy with its possible costs. More recently, a substantial body of work examined industry-specific effects of environmental regulation on the productivity of pollution-intensive firms most likely to face pollution control costs, as well as on plant location and employment decisions within firms.
The evidence shows that environmental regulations can lead to statistically significant adverse effects on trade, employment, plant location, and productivity in the short run, in particular in a well-identified subset of pollution- and energy-intensive sectors, but that these impacts are small relative to general trends in production.
Effects of air quality regulations on polluting industries By R. Becker and Vernon Henderson Topics: HC Economic History and Conditions. The present research examines this claim at the industry level for four heavily polluting industries: pulp and paper mills, plastic manufacturers, petroleum refiners, and iron and steel mills.
T.J. BartikThe effects of environmental regulation on business location in the United States. Growth Change, 19 (), pp. Effects of Air.title: point sources of pollution: local effects and it’s control vol. i author: qian yi subject: point sources of pollution: local effects and itï¿½s control.